Sectoral targets and the Climate Change Bill
ACE proposes more rigorous approach to emissions targets
The new Climate Change Bill does not include targets for different sectors and technologies to contribute to the UK’s overall carbon reduction target. ACE is therefore promoting the Climate Change (Sectoral targets) Bill
Sectoral targets will be very effective in preventing each sector from passing the responsibility for reducing emissions on to another.
The Bill requires the Secretary of State both to set initial targets in line with existing Government policy for emissions reductions in the commercial, residential and public sectors as well as targets for renewable energy and combined heat and power.
It also requires the Secretary of State to set future longer term targets in these and other sectors in order to help achieve the Government’s overall targets for reducing carbon emissions and to meet the UK’s energy needs.
The conclusions in July 2007 of the Joint Committee on the Draft Climate Change Bill state that if carbon targets are to have any credibility, “they must be based on a detailed analysis of the scope and potential for carbon reductions in specific sectors”.
Professor Sir David King, the Government’s Chief Scientific Adviser, in his evidence to the Committee, said that “Each sector needs to know where it is expected to go to justify private investment funds going into these sectors”.
What are the targets?
The Secretary of State must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the following sectoral targets are achieved, namely that:
(a) by 2020 the general level of energy efficiency of residential accommodation has increased by at least 20 per cent compared with the general level of such energy efficiency in 2010
(b) by the end of 2010 the general level of energy usage in the commercial and public services sector has reduced by at least 10% compared with the general level of such energy usage in 2005 and by the end of 2020 by at least 10% compared with the general level of such energy usage in 2010.
(c) 10% of electricity shall be generated from renewable sources by 2010 and 20% by 2020.
(d) 10 Gw of combined heat and power capacity shall be installed by 2010.
(e) As soon as practically possible the number of dwellings with one or more microgeneration installations shall be eight times the number of dwellings with one or more microgeneration installations in 2007.
(f) By the end of 2016 as far as is practicable all existing homes shall be low carbon.
(g) By the end of 2016 all new homes shall be zero carbon homes;
(h) In 2010, all new homes shall achieve a 25% carbon improvement compared to Part L of the 2006 Building Regulations.
(i) In 2013, all new homes shall achieve a 44% carbon improvement compared to Part L of the 2006 Building Regulations.
(j) By 2010 all homes occupied by vulnerable households shall achieve a SAP rating of at least 65.
All of the above are targets to which the Government has committed itself. However, currently these targets are non-binding and this Bill aims to make them binding on both current and future Governments.
This Bill is supported by a large number of environmental NGOs, fuel poverty groups and relevant organisations in the alternative energy sector.
Colin Challen MP has tabled an EDM (Climate Change (Sectoral Targets) Bill in support of this Bill. It received 54 signatures in the first week!
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